Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 8, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 11)

In the crude oil market, OPECs weekly
basket price increased 1.07 percent from $29.02 per barrel in February 19 to
$29.33 per barrel in February 26. A combination of factors were
responsible for the slight price increase. First, a decrease in the number of
active oil rigs in the US2 (the lowest since 2009) may have
marginally eased the glut in the crude oil market. The ongoing efforts by OPEC
and other major oil producers such as Russia to freeze oil production have also
played a significant role in stemming the downward trend in oil prices. With
the current market conditions, the price of crude oil is expected to maintain a
fairly stable and modest upward trajectory in the near term.

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Africa Economic Update (Issue 3)

Available data shows that headline inflation rates increased and remained high in most countries in the region in February 2017. Specifically, inflation rate increased in Egypt (30.2), Burundi (20.9 percent), Kenya (10.28), and Ethiopia (8.5 percent), while it eased in Nigeria (17.78 percent), Ghana (13.2 percent), South Africa (6.3 percent), and Namibia (7.8 percent). Seychelles (-0.6 percent) remained in deflation while Sudan (32.86 percent) and Tunisia (4.6 percent) had unchanged inflation rates within the review period. Increased cost of food continued to plague the region as food component of inflation remained the major driver of inflation. Drought in East Africa continues to compound price pressure in the region. Inflation rates in Burundi6, Kenya and Ethiopia increased by 8, 3.29, and 2.4 percentage points respectively, signifying the three highest price increase in the review period