CPI And Its Component And Premium Motor Spirit
CPI and its Components (%)
Its all getting expensive
PMS, AGO and NHK Price (/Litre)
Rising domestic fuel price
CPI and its Component: Changes in inflation rate has mostly been driven by the Core sub-index component. Precisely, in 2016 Q1 and Q2, the rising cost of import, electricity and transport drove inflation back to double digits after nearly two years of relatively low inflation.
Premium Motor Spirit: PMS price has been below N120 up until April 2016. The unusual rise in PMS in April 2016 is attributable to the recent removal of fuel subsidy and the upward adjustment of fuel pump price (from N85.5 to N145) witnessed in 2016Q2.
Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate: Growth in the sector which stalled in the second and third quarters of 2015 witnessed a considerable decline in 2015Q4; the stall in growth in 2015 is attributable
Balance of Trade (Export and Import): With export and, to lesser extent, import declining balance of trade fell deeply in 2015 and, to lesser extent, in 2016Q1.
Monetary Policy Rate: The fluctuations in MPR reflect CBNs intermittent effort to promote growth, stymie inflation or incentivize capital flows. Particularly, the rise in MPR in 2016Q1 was effort to
Crude Oil Price: Crude oil price attained a historical low of $30.7 in January 2016 largely due to excess global oil supply.
Crude Oil Production and Export: Oil production has continued to fall in