February 8, 2024

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 4)

The Oil market report for the fourth quarter of 2023 by the International Energy Agency indicates that the
growth of global oil demand is expected to slow down by 1.2 million barrels per day (mb/d) in 2024 compared to 2.3 mb/d in 2023. The decline in projected oil demand is due to several factors including slow GDP growth in major economies falling below trend, increased energy efficiency and electrification of vehicle fleets. Conversely, the world oil supply was projected to rise by 1.5 mb/d to a new high of 103.5 mb/d, fuelled by record- setting output from non-OPEC countries like the US, Brazil, Guyana, and Canada. OPEC supply is expected to hold steady on previous supply.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 36)

Recently released GDP figures reveals that the three major sectors recorded positive and negative growth rates individually in 2017Q2. Firstly, Agricultural sector grew Year on Year by 3.01 percent, down from 3.39 percent in 2017Q1- driven by weaker output in crop production and Fishing sub-sectors. This is not unconnected with the planting season and the shortage of grainsfor livestock/fish respectively.

Africa Economic Update (Issue 3)

Available data shows that headline inflation rates increased and remained high in most countries in the region in February 2017. Specifically, inflation rate increased in Egypt (30.2), Burundi (20.9 percent), Kenya (10.28), and Ethiopia (8.5 percent), while it eased in Nigeria (17.78 percent), Ghana (13.2 percent), South Africa (6.3 percent), and Namibia (7.8 percent). Seychelles (-0.6 percent) remained in deflation while Sudan (32.86 percent) and Tunisia (4.6 percent) had unchanged inflation rates within the review period. Increased cost of food continued to plague the region as food component of inflation remained the major driver of inflation. Drought in East Africa continues to compound price pressure in the region. Inflation rates in Burundi6, Kenya and Ethiopia increased by 8, 3.29, and 2.4 percentage points respectively, signifying the three highest price increase in the review period