April 27, 2020

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 14)

The Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC) disbursed the sum of ₦647.35 billion to the federal, state and local of governments in February which is 9.6 percent lower than the ₦716.30 billion disbursed in January1,2. Disaggregated data shows the federal, state, and local governments received ₦267.39 billion, ₦176.92 billion, and ₦132.94 billion respectively. This decline comes as a result of a decline in revenue generated due to the fall in oil prices associated with the coronavirus pandemic. Relatedly, the federal government has revised the 2020 budget in order to account for a decline in oil revenue which includes a 20 percent cut in capital projects. Going forward, there would be a further decline in the federal allocation as the mainstay of the government’s revenue is hit by the pandemic. Sub-national governments should endeavor to generate substantial revenue to free them from the volatilities of oil prices. Aside from tax, the government should leverage on the pandemic by equipping locals to boost the production of domestic commodities in import-substitution sectors.  

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 7)

External reserve dropped slightly by 0.6 per cent from $28.35 billion in January 22 to $28.19 billion in January 295. Considering the continuous decline, government has stepped up efforts towards financing the deficit in the proposed budget through borrowing. At the forex market, the official exchange rate remained unchanged at N197/$ while the naira depreciated at the parallel market by 2.36 percent from N297/$ to N304/$ between January 22 and 296. Despite the huge spread between the official and parallel market exchange rates, the monetary authorities maintained its fixed exchange rate regime at the official forex market. It is expected that if the demand pressure for dollar persists, the value of naira may decline in the near term.