Net Foreign Exchange Flows Through The Nigerian Economy
Net Foreign Exchange Flows (US$ Million)
Declining forex flows, post-2014
Exchange Rate (/$)
Dramatic rise in exchange rate, post-2014
Net Foreign Exchange Flows through the Nigerian Economy: The recent fall in foreign exchange earnings reflects the decline in both oil sector receipts from CBN, and non-oil sector inflows from autonomous sources.
Exchange Rate: The gap between official and parallel market rate (typically, BDC) widened abnormally in 2016Q1. This is attributed to the fall in oil price driving down foreign reserve. Exchange rate worsened in 2016Q2 with the introduction of flexible exchange rate policy in June.
External Reserve: External reserve picked up from its year-2000 level below $10,000 million to above $60,000 million in 2008. However, the external reserve fell deeply in 2010/11 and even further in 2
Public Debt Stock and Debt Servicing: Public debt stock has steadily increased overtime; reaching over N12, 000 billion naira by 2015Q4. With the persistent fall in crude oil price and the attendant d
Public Debt-to-GDP Ratio: The ratio of Nigerias cumulative government debt to national GDP has maintained an upward trend indicating the countrys declining economic productivity and ability to repay
Gross Domestic Product Growth Rate: Growth in the sector which stalled in the second and third quarters of 2015 witnessed a considerable decline in 2015Q4; the stall in growth in 2015 is attributable