Policy Brief & Alerts

November 12, 2012

Cost Effectiveness Analysis Of Selected Malaria Interventions In Nigeria

This brief highlights the findings of
a cost effectiveness analysis conducted on two malaria intervention programs
implemented in Jigawa State, Nigeria under the National Malaria Control
Programme: the long-lasting insecticide treated nets intervention and the indoor
residual spraying program.

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Recent statistics show that Nigeria ranks among the top five countries in termsof malaria incidence and deaths in the world. Reports indicate that 100 percentof the population is at risk of contracting malaria. At present, there are about4,295,686 confirmed cases of malaria in Nigeria. In 2009, the number of deathsattributed to malaria was estimated at 7,522. In the same year, 658,732 out of1,115,966 hospital admissions were attributed to malaria, out of the 7,296reported malaria deaths in children 4, 126 of these deaths were in childrenunder the age of five. This trend together with and its possible economic andfiscal impact, has made it imperative for the Nigerian government to fundmalaria interventions. Recently, Nigeria, with some financial support fromdonors, implemented the Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and the Long LastingInsecticidal Nets (LLINs) programs.

This brief summarizes the findings of a cost effectiveness analysis conducted onlong-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying interventionsimplemented in Jigawa State under the National Malaria Control Programme(NMCP).



Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 13)

Recent Data on Nigerias Real GDP growth rate (Year-on-Year) declined by 0.73 percentage points, from 2.84 per cent in 2015Q3 to 2.11 percent in 2015Q4. The slowdown in economic growth was largely driven by the decline in the performance of the oil sector which was occasioned by the slump in crude oil prices and the slight drop in the volume of crude oil produced. Specifically, compared to the 1.05 percent growth recorded in 2015Q3, the oil sector witnessed a negative growth of 8.28 percent in 2015Q4.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 25)

Crude oil price continued to increase in the period under review, reaching its 2016 peak at $50.30 on June 2, 2016. Specifically, OPEC weekly basket price increased by 1.43 percent from $44.65 on May 27, 2016 to $45.29 on June 3, 2016. Brent was sold for $49.96 on June 3, 2016. The present rise in crude oil price can be attributed to oil production shocks in several oil-exporting countries, and the general expectation of a further cut in output following the OPEC meeting in Vienna on June 2, 2016. However, the OPEC meeting ended with no agreement on production quotas. In Nigeria, oil production level increased in the period under review, following repairs on some of the damaged oil and gas facilities. Precisely, Nigerias output increased by 200,000 barrels on June 3, 2016 to 1.6 million barrels.