Policy Brief & Alerts

November 12, 2012

Cost Effectiveness Analysis Of Selected Malaria Interventions In Nigeria

This brief highlights the findings of
a cost effectiveness analysis conducted on two malaria intervention programs
implemented in Jigawa State, Nigeria under the National Malaria Control
Programme: the long-lasting insecticide treated nets intervention and the indoor
residual spraying program.

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Recent statistics show that Nigeria ranks among the top five countries in termsof malaria incidence and deaths in the world. Reports indicate that 100 percentof the population is at risk of contracting malaria. At present, there are about4,295,686 confirmed cases of malaria in Nigeria. In 2009, the number of deathsattributed to malaria was estimated at 7,522. In the same year, 658,732 out of1,115,966 hospital admissions were attributed to malaria, out of the 7,296reported malaria deaths in children 4, 126 of these deaths were in childrenunder the age of five. This trend together with and its possible economic andfiscal impact, has made it imperative for the Nigerian government to fundmalaria interventions. Recently, Nigeria, with some financial support fromdonors, implemented the Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and the Long LastingInsecticidal Nets (LLINs) programs.

This brief summarizes the findings of a cost effectiveness analysis conducted onlong-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying interventionsimplemented in Jigawa State under the National Malaria Control Programme(NMCP).




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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 19)

Internally generated revenue by 35 states for the 2016 fiscal year increased by 17.5 percent to N802 billion from N683 billion generated in the preceding year. A breakdown of the IGR shows that the increase was driven by PAYE, Direct assessment, Road taxes, Revenue from MDAs and other taxes. The highest and lowest revenue generating states were Lagos (38%) and Ebonyi (0.1%) respectively. An improvement in the efficiency of the tax system could improve the contributions of the IGR to overall government revenue. Particularly, incorporating workers in small stores, agricultural and informal businesses into the tax system; building capacity of tax officials and computerizing their operations; as well as investing in quality data collection and access could provide some quick wins.