Policy Brief & Alerts

January 30, 2012

Rising Inflation: Will The MPC Raise The Policy Rate Or Support Economic Growth

This brief examines global and domestic developments in
Nigeria as well as the effect of slowdown in economic growth of key oil
consuming nations on the Nigerian economy.

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Publication Date:December, 2011

Volume Number:1 Issue 4

Document Size:3 pages


The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) holdsits first meeting for 2012 on January 30th, taking into consideration global anddomestic developments since its last meeting in November 2011. While events inthe global economy will remain in the front burner due to the effects of projectedslowdown in economic growth of OECD countries and other key oil consumingnations on the Nigerian economy, the key domestic issue that will influence theinterest rate decision is the partial reduction in petrol subsidy by the federalgovernment. Therefore, without taking eyes off the effects of global events on thedomestic economy, the MPC will again be faced with the dilemma of either raisingthe Monetary Policy Rate (MPR) in order to prevent the economy from overheatingdue to the inflationary effects of petrol price increase, or better still maintain aneutral policy stance. In December 2011, headline and core inflation ratesmoderated from 10.5% and 11.5% to 10.3% and 10.8% respectively, while foodinflation rose from 9.6% to 11%. However, the MPC will be concerned with thetrend of core inflation since for the whole of 2011, core inflation which discountsseasonality, averaged 11.7% compared to headline and food inflation average ratesof 10.8% and 10.3%.




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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 43)

The IMF World Economic Outlook report, indicates a downward revision for Nigerias 2017 economic growth. Specifically, growth has been projected to expand by 0.6 percent relative to the 1.1 percent earlier projected. The decrease is attributable to sharp growth slowdown experienced in Nigeria, occasioned by prevailing constraining factors (crude oil production disruptions, Forex and power shortages, and weak investor confidence). The outlook, which does not seem optimistic, reveals Nigerias further vulnerability to potential external and internal risks/shocks.