Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

January 22, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 5)

All Share Index (ASI) and Market
Capitalization declined by 13 percent to close at 23514.04 points and N8.09
trillion respectively at the end of the trade session on January 15.
The huge drop in the Index, representing a 3-year low, led to the introduction
of the Index Circuit Breakers Rule. While this policy measure may
prevent huge losses in the stock market, rising concerns about macroeconomic
stability in Nigeria may significantly increase the level of volatility in the
stock market. This may have substantial adverse implications for investors in
the Stock Exchange.

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Portfolio Diversification Between Developed And Less Developed Economies

This study examines the hedging effectiveness of portfolio investment diversification between developed and developing economies; with focus on the Nigerian stock asset vis--vis the stock assets of the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK). Its main contribution is in the analysis of optimal portfolio diversification using optimal portfolio weight (OPW) and optimal hedging ratio (OHR). Empirical findings show that the OPW and OHR are low, which indicates impressive potential gains from combining Nigerian stock assets in an investment portfolio with US and UK stock assets. In addition, exchange rate volatility is found to pose stern limitation on the potential benefits of this portfolio diversification arrangement. It is therefore recommended that the monetary authority in Nigeria should pursue policies towards reducing exchange rate volatility to the barest minimum. This will possibly attract more investors from developed economies who might be willing to combine Nigerian stock in their investment portfolio to minimize portfolio risk.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 8)

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