Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 45)

Data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) shows that Nigeria’s headline inflation rate increased to 27.33% in October 2023 from 26.72% recorded in August 2023 and 21.09% in October 2022. The headline inflation is three times the upper bound inflation target of 9%. The data further show that food inflation stood at 31.52%. Core inflation, which is all item excluding food and energy, rose to 22.58%. Persistent double digit inflation rate erodes household purchasing power at a fast pace, thereby pushing thousands of Nigerians into poverty. If the high inflation, especially food inflation, persists for the next 3 months, insecurity and social unrest would increase at an alarming rate. Prompt action, including implementing social protection programs for the most disadvantaged households and setting up food bank to increase access to quality and nutritional meals, is required from the government. In July, President Tinubu declared state of emergency on food. Three months afterwards, food prices continue the upward trajectory rising from 25.25% in June to 31.52% in October. There is a need for the government to update the nation on the agriculture programme. This is important in unpacking likely drivers of the high food inflation beyond insecurity, flooding, and rising transportation costs. Additionally, the government can offer companies tax breaks and other financial incentives, particularly those about to go out of business due to high cost of operation.

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March 13, 2018 - 4:00 am
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