A recently released NBS report indicated a 20.92% rise in Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) in 2019. The year on year rise saw total IGR hit ₦1.33 trillion. The rise was largely driven by revenue generated from income tax which accounted for 60.7% of IGR. Lagos state as the highest contributor with ₦398.73 billion accounted for 29.88% of total revenue generated2. On the other hand, Taraba state was the lowest contributor with ₦53.04 billion. The improvement in tax compliance stands to make provision for state-level fiscal sustainability as well as a continued increase in total IGR. State governments can leverage on the fall in demand for oil to identify innovations and muster the political will required to expand their IGR base.
June 5, 2020
Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 21)
Nigerias Petroleum Products Imports statistics show a gradual reduction in the volume and value of petroleum imports (PMS, AGO, HHK) between May and September 2016. Specifically, volume of imports declined by 34.1 percent for PMS, 37.6 percent for AGO, and 60.3 percent for HHK in the period.The significant decline in imports in the reporting periods may be as a result of persistent forex scarcity issues faced by importers. On account of stagnation in domestic production of refined petroleum products, continuous decline in oil imports may create a demand gap with upward pressure on gasoline prices in the economy.
OPEC weekly basket price reduced from $61.14 to $60.73 per barrel (December 1 8, 2017). Similarly, Global oil benchmark crude sold for as low as $61.22 per barrel during the week, down week-on-week by 1.8 percent. Nigerias Bonny light declined slightly by approximately 1 percent to $63.534. The fall in crude prices came after a sharp rise in U.S. inventories of refined fuel, which suggested that actual demand may be weakening5 (the EIA data shows an increase of 8.5 million barrels of stored fuel). Given that crude oil revenue remains critical to Nigerias budget performance, investments aimed at improving growth and competitiveness of other key sectors is essential to minimize distortions on budgetary expenditure.