Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 13, 2017

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 9)

Crude oil prices fluctuated during the
review week. OPEC weekly basket price decreased marginally from $53.63 on
February 24, 2017 to $53.34 on March 3, 2017. Similarly, Brent
crude declined (week-on-week) by 0.84 percent to $55.15, while
Bonny light decreased by 2.4 percent to $54.4 per barrel. During
the week, reports of Russias incomplete compliance to agreed production cut and
rising United States crude production/inventories, led to the
slight pressure exerted on oil prices. The uncertainties and volatility of
global crude oil price stresses the need for the government to channel efforts
at developing other key sectors of the economy, particularly the manufacturing
sector.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 23)

Recently released report by the NBS shows an increase in Unemployment and Underemployment rates for 2016Q4 relative to preceding and corresponding quarters. The unemployment rate, at 14.2 percent, indicates a 3.8% points YoY4increase, and a 0.3% points QoQ increase with the number of unemployed people increasing by 351,051 persons. Similarly, underemployment rate grew (QoQ) by 1.3% points to 21%, representing about 17 million underemployed persons as at the quarter. The rise in unemployment/underemployment rate is attributable to the disproportionate rise in labour force vis--vis job creation, in addition to slow-down in economic/business activities during the quarter. Going forward, the government should make efforts to strengthen and expand Nigerias entrepreneurial infrastructure.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 4)

The Naira/Dollar exchange rate remained unchanged at ?199/$ in the official market but depreciated from ?263/$ to $267 at the Bureau De Change (BDC) market segment this week. As the naira depreciates, the CBN forex restriction measures continue to widen the gap between the official rate and BDC, which has led to increased calls for naira devaluation. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Business owners are among the major advocates for a relaxation of the forex restrictions set by the CBN, in order to enhance the level of economic activities.