Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

October 4, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 40)

OPEC
weekly basket price declined by 2.4 percent to $42.68/barrel on September 16,
2016. This was triggered by a rise in US oil reserve, amid an
outlook on weak global oil demand. Similarly, provisional data by
OPEC reveals a steady decline in Nigerias crude oil production. Notably, production
declined by 3.4 percent to 1.47 mbd in August, 2016.

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Africa Economic Update (Issue 2)

Business activities in Africa slightly improved in February 2017 albeit at a slow rate. Sales Managers Index (SMI) for Africa an assessment of business condition in Pan-African Economy increased by 0.4 index points from 52.2 points in January 2017 to 52.6 points in February 2017. Sub-Saharan African countries experienced better business activities than North Africa in the review period. The two largest economies in the region, Nigeria (48.5 index points) and South Africa (49.2 Index points) registered contraction in the review period as Nigeria remained in recession while high unemployment remained a problem in South Africa. The growth in SMI recorded in the review period is driven by improvement in business confidence and sales price which outweighed the fall in other components market growth, sales output and staffing level. 

Infrastructure Financing In Nigeria:

Similar to most sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, Nigeria has a huge infrastructure deficit which considerably limits efforts towards achieving inclusive growth, sustainable development, and poverty reduction. With infrastructure stock estimated at 20-25 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Nigerias infrastructure stock is still significantly lower than the recommended international benchmark of 70 per cent of GDP. The 2014 National Integrated Infrastructure Master Plan (NIMP) estimates that a total of US$ 3 trillion of investments, or US$100 billion annually, is required over the next 30 years to bridge Nigerias infrastructure gap. In particular, the Plan estimates that Nigeria will have to spend an annual average of US$ 33 billion infrastructure investments for the period 2014 -2018. This means that Nigeria will have to more than double its spending on infrastructure from the current 2-3 per cent of GDP to around 7 per cent to make appreciable progress in infrastructure development over the next three decades.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 25)

Naira appreciated in the week under review. At the parallel market, naira gained 0.54 percent to exchange at N368/$ on June 23, 20175. This is at the backdrop of injections into the forex market by the CBN to the tune of $195 million at the beginning of the review week, to meet various forex demands. This is amid a slight week-on-week increase in the external reserves (by 0.1 percent to $30.23 billion). Despite the recent naira appreciation, the long-term prospects seem bleak given that the ongoing intervention that seeks to stabilize naira by depleting reserves is unsustainable.

MANUFACTURING SECTOR: Operating Admist Economic Recession And Rising Foreign Exchange Rates

This 2017 Manufacturing Sector survey provides an assessment of the Nigerian manufacturing sector, highlighting the key challenges facing operators within the sector. It also examines the dynamics and major development in the manufacturing sector over the last one year. Overall, the objective of the report is to provide a snapshot of the manufacturing sector in Nigeria, which will provide a framework for policy intervention by policymakers