Nigeria’s debt profile reached unprecedented high levels at the end of the year 2017. Figures obtained from the debt management office reveals that debt stock increased Year-on-Year by a significant 42.6 percent and Quarter-over-Quarter by 6.6 percent to N21.73 trillion as at December 20171. Domestic and foreign components of the debt profile grew to N3.35 trillion and N18.38 trillion respectively. The increased debt profile may have been triggered by domestic and foreign borrowings to fund Nigeria’s budget deficit, and excessive debt servicing costs – Nigeria serviced domestic debts to the tune of N1.48 trillion in 20172, about 29.13 percent of its total budget revenue. Implicatively, Nigeria’s debt to GDP ratio continues to increase, from 18.6 percent in 2016 to 21 percent
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
This brief examines global and domestic developments in Nigeria as well as the effect of slowdown in economic growth of key oil consuming nations on the Nigerian economy.
This study examines the potential of regional trade in facilitating the achievement of inclusive development in the West African region. It employs descriptive analysis to examine the nature, composition and dimension of ECOWAS trade within the group and with the rest of the world, vis--vis three other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). From the preliminary study, it can be observed that the growth rate of West African economies is increasing, but the rising economic growth does not translate to improvement in inclusive development, as there was no significant reduction in poverty levels in the region. Further evidence reveals that extra-regional trade of the region is increasing at a very high rate, and also at a disproportionate rate with intra-regional trade, compared with SADC. This indicates the existence of opportunity to boost regional trade for inclusive development through conversion of part of the extra-regional trade into regional trade.
GDP growth rate increased marginally by 2.84 percent in Q3 2015 from 2.35 percent in the preceding quarter. Nominal GDP increased to N24.3 million from N22.9 million in the preceding quarter. Growth in this period was attributed to the improved performance of the non-oil sector which grew by 3.05 percent. The Sectoral disaggregation shows that the Services and Agricultural sectors grew by 3.97 and 3.46 percent respectively, while the Manufacturing sector shrank by 1.75 percent.
Nigerias Petroleum Products Imports statistics show a gradual reduction in the volume and value of petroleum imports (PMS, AGO, HHK) between May and September 2016. Specifically, volume of imports declined by 34.1 percent for PMS, 37.6 percent for AGO, and 60.3 percent for HHK in the period.The significant decline in imports in the reporting periods may be as a result of persistent forex scarcity issues faced by importers. On account of stagnation in domestic production of refined petroleum products, continuous decline in oil imports may create a demand gap with upward pressure on gasoline prices in the economy.