Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 9, 2018

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 11)

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Nigeria’s debt profile reached unprecedented high levels at the end of the year 2017. Figures obtained from the debt management office reveals that debt stock increased Year-on-Year by a significant 42.6 percent and Quarter-over-Quarter by 6.6 percent to N21.73 trillion as at December 20171. Domestic and foreign components of the debt profile grew to N3.35 trillion and N18.38 trillion respectively. The increased debt profile may have been triggered by domestic and foreign borrowings to fund Nigeria’s budget deficit, and excessive debt servicing costs – Nigeria serviced domestic debts to the tune of N1.48 trillion in 20172, about 29.13 percent of its total budget revenue. Implicatively, Nigeria’s debt to GDP ratio continues to increase, from 18.6 percent in 2016 to 21 percent




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Crude oil price continued to increase in the period under review, reaching its 2016 peak at $50.30 on June 2, 2016. Specifically, OPEC weekly basket price increased by 1.43 percent from $44.65 on May 27, 2016 to $45.29 on June 3, 2016. Brent was sold for $49.96 on June 3, 2016. The present rise in crude oil price can be attributed to oil production shocks in several oil-exporting countries, and the general expectation of a further cut in output following the OPEC meeting in Vienna on June 2, 2016. However, the OPEC meeting ended with no agreement on production quotas. In Nigeria, oil production level increased in the period under review, following repairs on some of the damaged oil and gas facilities. Precisely, Nigerias output increased by 200,000 barrels on June 3, 2016 to 1.6 million barrels.