Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 10, 2018

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 6)

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The federal government fiscal operations in 2017 shows that there were deficits for the four quarters recorded. The CBN report reveals that the federal government spent a total of N147.11 billion on capital expenditure in the four quarters (including a 2016 fiscal year roll-over due todelay in approving the 2017 budget), and N3.64 trillion as recurrent expenditure in 2017. Capital releases suggest that only about 6.6 percent of budgetary amount of N2.24 trillion was spent in the fiscal year, while recurrent expenditure represented 72 percent of N5.06 trillion budgeted
for the year. Nigeria’s recurrent expenditure has always exceeded capital expenditure for infrastructure, however, the delay in the passage of the 2017 budget (in June 2017) may have triggered the slow-down in capital releases. Nonetheless, the 2017 budget is still being followed, given that the 2018 budget has not been passed. Going forward, the process of the 2018 budget release should be expedited, as delay in budget sends negative signals to foreign investors which could make them divert capital investment to other countries.



Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 50)

In the third quarter of 2017, NBS report show that Nigeria recorded a marginal quarter-overquarter and significant Year-on-Year increases in the value (in Naira terms) of merchandise (goods) foreign trade. At N5.92 trillion, total merchandise trade increased 3.9 percent over the preceding quarter and 23.9 percent over the corresponding quarter in 2016. Specifically, with exports rising QOQ by 15.2 percent to N3.57 trillion and imports shrinking by 9.4 percent to N2.35 trillion, trade balance amounted to a surplus of N1.22 trillion in 2017Q3- a substantial 142 percentage increase (QOQ) in trade surplus value.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 33)

Available reports from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation(NNPC), suggests a significant reduction in the cost incurred to produce one barrel of crude oil for the past two years. Specifically, the cost of production reduced by 71 percent from $78 as at August 2015, to $23 per barrel as at August 2017. This may be attributable to moderations in operational expenditures, following repairs and restructuring in the oil region.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 3)

Provisional Monetary statistics by the CBN show an increase in currency in circulation a portion of overall money supply. Specifically, currency in circulation rose (Month-on-Month) by 14.2 percent to N2.2 million in December 2016  the highest Month-on-Month increase recorded for the year 2016. The rise in currency- outside-bank may be attributed to the growing demand for cash balances for spending activities during the festive period. This development would largely compound the liquidity problem associated with TSA implementation and ongoing CBN monetary tightening as deposit money banks might be cash-strapped. Going forward, efforts should be geared towards intensifying initiatives that promote a cashless economy that encourages cashless transactions.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 38)

Available data from NBS shows that Aviation sub-sector of the transport sector grew by o.15 percent in real terms in 2017Q2 down from 1.53 percent in 2017Q15. The decline is likely attributable to fall in year-on-year passenger and aircraft movement in the sub-sector, following increased air fare charges.