For the 12th consecutive period, the Monetary Policy Committee voted to retain all rates at the end of the policy meeting held on July 23-24, 2018 – MPR at 14 percent, CRR at 22.5 percent, Liquidity ratio at 30 percent and asymmetric corridor at +200 and -500 around the MPR1. A review of laudable developments in key macroeconomic indicators and positive economic growth in the first half of 2018 informed the committee’s stance to hold all rates. However, the committee noted constraints to economic growth outlook in the second half of 2018, especially slow and irregular implementation of the 2018 expansionary fiscal budget that would derail its liquidity impact, as well as possible external shocks. Going forward, there is need for a standardized budgetary calendar that should be adhered to mandatorily in order to guide public and private sector investment plan and foster economic stability
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
Public Debt-to-GDP Ratio: The ratio of Nigerias cumulative government debt to national GDP has maintained an upward trend indicating the countrys declining economic productivity and ability to repay
OPEC weekly basket price decreased marginally from $45.95 on June 24, 2016 to $45.26 on July 1, 2016,while Nigerias bonny light fell by $1, from $48.90 to $47.91. The apparent decline in crude oil price was driven by lingering market demand uncertainty, following the unexpected Brexit referendum. More so, ease in supply disruptions in Nigeria and Canada may have contributed to the downward pressure on prices. Going forward, until there is greater regulatory precision on global oil output levels, prices may likely remain stuck or continue to exhibit a downward trend. Although, Nigerias fiscal constraints slightly relaxed with oil production increasing in the review week (following repairs on sabotaged pipeline channels), potential global crude oil oversupply threatens governments revenues. However, oversupply threats could be reduced if there is a consensus on oil production quotas in the upcoming OPEC meeting.
CPI and its Component: Changes in inflation rate has mostly been driven by the Core sub-index component. Precisely, in 2016 Q1 and Q2, the rising cost of import, electricity and transport drove inflat
The paper conducts a Benefit Incidence Analysis to determine if public expenditure in education and health sector in Nigeria is pro-poor or pro-rich.