Policy Brief & Alerts

March 16, 2012

Benefit Incidence Analysis Of Education And Health Spending In Nigeria

brief examines the beneficiaries of government expenditure in
the social sectors of education and health, and answers the question of equity
in the provision of social services among different income groups.

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Publication Date:November, 2011

Volume Number:1 Issue 3

Document Size:4 pages

This volume presents the results of the Program Budgeting Analysis (PBA), the first analyticalcomponent of the Global Development Networks (GDN) and Results for Development (R4D)project on Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability (SIIPEA).The goal of this analysis is to deepen stakeholders understanding of the sources of fundingand how money is allocated to, and spent in the social sectors of health and education, whichare critical for pro-poor growth and poverty alleviation. The analysis focuses on FederalGovernment spending from 2006 to 2010.

Program Budgeting Analysis (PBA) presents a better and more ground-covering method ofbudget planning that can ensure a more even distribution of public resources to lacking areas.This makes it easier for policymakers to identify failing areas due to poor funding and rectifythe situation. It is an informative tool, particularly for those interested in the legislative,political, and reform dimensions of public sector budgeting. Though Program budgetinganalysis is somewhat technical, it is a way of gaining better knowledge of how governmentsets priorities in order to achieve optimum allocation of scarce resources. With emphasis onspecific program objectives, budget data will become more informative, and more clearly,provide evidence of how resources are allocated to various programs by the government.Inparticular, the PBA helps to express the need for, and guides policymakers/governmentofficials on how to deliver services to the community.

The PBA shows that the present spending in the health sector is low, and to improve thecountrys human capital development, government will need to increase spending in theprimary health care and preventive health sub-sectors. This is also true for the primary andsecondary education sub-sectors. Furthermore, there is the need to ensure commensurateservice delivery for amounts spent in the tertiary education sub-sector.



Africa Economic Update (Issue 8)

Economic growth in Africas largest economies improved in the second quarter of 2017 (2017Q2) relative to the preceding quarter (2017 Q1), as Nigeria and South Africa exited recession. Specifically, GDP growth rate was 0.55 percent and 1.1 percent for Nigeria and South Africa in 2017Q2, compared to 0.91 percent and 0.7 percent in 2017Q2, respectively. The increased growth in Nigerias economy was driven by improved performance in the oil sector (increased crude oil price and production) which offset the decrease in non-oil sector growth, while South Africas emergence from recession is supported by growth in its agriculture sector complimented by growth in finance, real estate, business service, mining and quarrying sectors.