Policy Brief & Alerts

March 16, 2012

Benefit Incidence Analysis Of Education And Health Spending In Nigeria

This
brief examines the beneficiaries of government expenditure in
the social sectors of education and health, and answers the question of equity
in the provision of social services among different income groups.

Download Label
March 13, 2018 - 4:00 am
application/pdf
358.36 kB
v.1.7 (stable)
Read →

Publication Date:November, 2011

Volume Number:1 Issue 3

Document Size:4 pages


This volume presents the results of the Program Budgeting Analysis (PBA), the first analyticalcomponent of the Global Development Networks (GDN) and Results for Development (R4D)project on Strengthening Institutions to Improve Public Expenditure Accountability (SIIPEA).The goal of this analysis is to deepen stakeholders understanding of the sources of fundingand how money is allocated to, and spent in the social sectors of health and education, whichare critical for pro-poor growth and poverty alleviation. The analysis focuses on FederalGovernment spending from 2006 to 2010.

Program Budgeting Analysis (PBA) presents a better and more ground-covering method ofbudget planning that can ensure a more even distribution of public resources to lacking areas.This makes it easier for policymakers to identify failing areas due to poor funding and rectifythe situation. It is an informative tool, particularly for those interested in the legislative,political, and reform dimensions of public sector budgeting. Though Program budgetinganalysis is somewhat technical, it is a way of gaining better knowledge of how governmentsets priorities in order to achieve optimum allocation of scarce resources. With emphasis onspecific program objectives, budget data will become more informative, and more clearly,provide evidence of how resources are allocated to various programs by the government.Inparticular, the PBA helps to express the need for, and guides policymakers/governmentofficials on how to deliver services to the community.

The PBA shows that the present spending in the health sector is low, and to improve thecountrys human capital development, government will need to increase spending in theprimary health care and preventive health sub-sectors. This is also true for the primary andsecondary education sub-sectors. Furthermore, there is the need to ensure commensurateservice delivery for amounts spent in the tertiary education sub-sector.




Related

 

Net Foreign Exchange Flows Through The Nigerian Economy

Net Foreign Exchange Flows through the Nigerian Economy: The recent fall in foreign exchange earnings reflects the decline in both oil sector receipts from CBN, and non-oil sector inflows from autonom

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 8)

The falling tide in the international value of Naira experienced a reversal in the review week with naira appreciating significantly by 11 percent from N516/$ on February 17, 2017 to N460/$ on February 24, 2017 at the parallel market the first appreciation since December 2016. The recent rise in naira value was driven by forex supply-demand gap closure, sequel to improvements in dollar liquidity. The recent CBN Special intervention (e.g. the auction and sale of $370 million and $1.5 million respectively, by the apex bank during the week) and its revised forex policy guidelinescontributed in dousing speculations in the parallel market, thus gradually narrowing the margin between the interbank and parallel market rates. Given that the sustainability of naira appreciation is strongly hinged on the improvement in foreign reserve which is largely dependent on crude oil sales, the government should continue its efforts at calming tensions in the Niger Delta region.

Africa Economic Update (Issue 6)

Available data shows that headline inflation reduced in most countries in the region in May 2017 relative to preceding months. Notably, headline inflation decreased in Nigeria (16.25 percent), Ghana (12.26 percent), Tanzania (6.1 percent), Senegal (1.8 percent), Namibia (6.3 percent) and Rwanda (11.7 percent), while it grew in South Africa (5.4 percent), Kenya (11.7 percent), Ethiopia (8.7 percent) and Uganda (7.2 percent). Cote dIvoire (-0.4 percent) recorded consumer price deflation. The decrease in consumer price in Nigeria, Tanzania and Ghana can be attributed to decreases in both food and non-food components of inflation. Regionally, all countries in Southern Africa recorded single digits inflation, however consumer price marginally increased in South Africa, for the first time in 2017 owing to spike in food prices6, and Botswana (both by 0.1 percent).