April 13, 2010

Should Nigeria Establish A Sovereign Wealth Fund?

This paper explores the issues relating to the establishment of a Sovereign WealthFund (SWF) in Nigeria consistent with best practices. Experience with established SWFssuggests that successful oil- based funds tend to be underpinned by a sound oil revenuemanagement framework. The paper thus discusses the underlying issues of oil revenuemanagement, the policy choices and SWF implementation issues.

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Author:Menachem Katz&Cijeyu Ojong

Publication Date: Novvember 2009

Document Size: 53 Pages

SWF are investment vehicles created and owned by governments or sovereignswith the strategic aim of leveraging current account surpluses and temporarily highrevenues to invest in income-producing assets that promise high risk-adjusted returns inthe financial markets. They offer economic and financial benefits. SWFs, under soundoil revenue management frameworks, can help to mitigate boom-bust cycles in the homecountries, and facilitate the saving and transfer across generations of proceeds from fiscalsurpluses emanating primarily from oil. By allowing for greater portfolio diversification,they reduce the opportunity cost of reserve holding, but at the same time increase the risk.



An Analysis Of The Nigerian Economic Growth And Recovery Plan

This Paper examines the response of the Nigerian government to the ongoing recession in the domestic economy, particularly in the context of the recently released Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP) for 2017-2020. It also provides an analysis of key questions regarding the suitability, achievability, and prospect of the ERGP. The second section of the brief runs through the state of the Nigerian economy with a focus on the cause and drivers of the ongoing recession. The third section reviews the objectives, implementation strategy, and expected outcomes of the ERGP over the medium-term. The fourth section weighs on the potentials of the ERGP by analyzing some pertinent questions: Is the proposed recovery plan and policies well-targeted to address prevailing economic crises in Nigerian economy? 

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 52)

Recently released population estimate figures by the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics, show a significant increase in Nigerias population, based on the 2006 census. Notably, total population grew by an estimated 40 percent from 2006, to 193 million persons in 2016. Also, disaggregate demographic data from 2007 to 2016, reveals an increase in the number of males (74 million to 99 million) and females (71 million to 95 million), with a 2016 gender (males to females) percentage ratio of 51:49. The high rate of population growth can be attributed to the improvements in average annual rate of natural increase the difference between crude birth rate and death rate. As in preceding years, the composition of children and youths make up the highest share of the population growth. This presents a potential increase in the rate of labour supply. Going forward, there is need for the government to support rapid job creation in order to check the potential upsurge in unemployment rate.