Data released by the National Bureau of Statistics indicates that Nigeria’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by 0.11% in Q4 20201. Further disaggregation shows that the oil sector contributed 5.87% to total real GDP while the non-oil sector contributed 94.13% during the period. Although the growth rate in Q4 2020 is lower than the corresponding quarter of 2019 which was 2.55%, it represents a 3.74% improvement over the previous quarter (Q3 2020). More importantly, it is the first positive quarterly growth since the economy contracted in both the second and third quarters of 2020, thereby ending the recession experienced due to the pandemic. The growth reflects the gradual return of economic activities following the resumption of movements which limited commercial activities in the previous quarters. Considering that economic activities are returning to pre-COVID levels and COVID vaccination is underway, economic expansion is expected in the near term. However, the size of the expansion will depend on the spending choices of the government as it responds to the new and evolving challenges. As such, budgetary allocations to sectors capable of delivering an inclusive recovery such as the agriculture sector should be prioritized.
March 5, 2021
Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 8)
Crude oil prices recorded increase during the review week. Global benchmark, Brent price increased from $61.42 to $63.522. Nigerias Bonny light gained 9.6 percent to trade at $64.78 per barrel. The weeks rise was at the backdrop of further prospective cuts agreement at OPECs meeting in November 2017 and political tensions and uncertainties in Saudi Arabia given that these events may likely reduce supply and support demand in the near term. Meanwhile, global crude oil market events have been favorable to Nigeria, as the price of bonny light at approximately $65 per barrel, reflects the highest in more than two years.
Crude oil price decreased in the review week. OPEC weekly basket price reduced by 3.5 percent to $42.06per barrel from November 4, 2016 to November 11, 2016, while Nigerias bonny light price decreased by 1.1 percent to $44.36per barrel in the same period. Global oil market refocused on oversupply, as indicated in the OPECs October crude data figures (global OPEC and Non-OPEC oil supply grew by 0.97mb/day to average 96.32mb/day and outpaced demand by 1.92mb/day).
The naira continued its downward trajectory this week. Specifically, naira depreciated at the interbank segment by 3.45 percent to N300/$; and by 3.56 percent to 378/$ at the parallel segment. Despite the CBNs effort to support the naira with Forwards and FOREX futures, the excess demand for dollar continues to put pressure on the naira. Looking forward, the stabilization of exchange rate depends on the ability of the CBN and government to attract capital inflows; particularly by raising interest rate, tackling inflation and supporting economy recovery.