Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

December 1, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 50)

Crude oil price experienced
a mixed week from November 18 to November 25, 2016. Specifically, OPEC basket
price and Brent crude price fluctuated, to a daily average of $44.6 (from
$42.33)and $48.3 (from $46.86)per barrel
respectively. The present oil volatility is as a result of sell-offs,
attributable to speculations/fears of an insufficient production cut by OPEC (in
its bid to control oversupply) – a deal scheduled for its next meeting on
November 30th 2016. This speculations have arisen due to
the reluctance of major OPEC member country (Saudi Arabia) to participate in the
potential oil cut dealwhich could exert a downward pressure on oil
prices. However, oil prices should rise if OPEC members agree to the oil cut
deal. Irrespective of the outcome of the meeting, Nigeria is exempted from the
potential crude oil cut. Thus, it will be optimal for the government to act
quickly to address the insurgence in the Niger Delta region, in order to raise domestic oil production as much as
possible.

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Nigeria Economic Review

The global economy grew by 2.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2016 (2016Q4) relative to 2.5 percent in 2016Q3, due to rising investment and consumption demands in developed and emerging economies as well as a rise in commodity prices. However, over the entire year, global GDP growth stood at 2.6 percent in 2016, relative to the growth of 3.09 percent recorded in 2015. Notably, output grew progressively in the US over the year, while the steady growth recorded in the UK since the start of the year stalled in 2016Q4. Also, the declining growth recorded in France since 2015 took a positive turn in 2016Q4, the rest of the Eurozone witnessed a fall in output in the quarter. While emerging economies recorded mixed experiences, many Sub-Saharan African countries showed signs of recovery in the period.