November 6, 2020

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 42)

Total geographical distribution of credit by state increased by 1.82 percent to N18.9 trillion in the second quarter of 2020 from N18.56 trillion in the first quarter of 2020.1 Lagos State (N14.92 trillion) accounted for 78.94 percent of the total credit. Further disaggregation shows N77.6 billion was distributed as loan for mortgages in 2019 compared to N25 billion in 2018. 220,935 individuals registered for the National Housing Fund, representing a 33.6 percent increase from 2018. Also, N4 trillion was distributed under the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme Fund in 2019, an increase from N2.9 trillion in 2018. The increase in credit particularly towards the agriculture sector will not only improve the living standard of beneficiaries but also enhance development through an increase in economic activities and trade; alongside building the resilience of the economy by improving the balance of payment account. However, providing loan guarantees to borrowers can considerably increase the contingent liability of the government with implications on its fiscal performance. As such, a cost-benefit analysis of these credit facility programmes and other available options to boost economic activities is required in order to determine the best approach.

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Africa Economic Update (Issue 1)

Sub-Saharan Africa experienced its worst economic performance in over two decades in 2016, with growth slowing to 1.5 percent. The poor performance in South Africa and oil exporting countries is responsible for attenuating regional growth rate, due to their high collective contribution to regional GDP, despite robust performance in non-resource intensive countries. Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to slightly improve in 2017 (2.9 percent) and further strengthen in 2018 (3.6 percent). At the sub-regional level, growth prospect is estimated to be highest in West Africa (4.78 percent), attributable to 5.93 percent growth rate from West African Monetary Union (WAEMU) Countries. East Africa is expected to grow at 4.5 percent, Southern Africa 3 percent, and Central Africa 2 percent. Agricultural exporting countries are projected to grow at around 7 percent, while oil producing countries are estimated to grow at 1.9 percent, which indicates a recovery from the negative growth recorded in 2016.