July 21, 2023

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 27)

According to OPEC’s monthly report on crude oil movement, the price of crude oil dropped significantly in the global market in June. In particular, the OPEC Reference Basket fell by 0.8 percent (63 cents) from $75.82 per barrel in May to $75.19 per barrel. Similarly, the monthly averages for ICE Brent and New
York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) Western Texas Intermediate (WTI) dropped from $75.69 per barrel and $71.62 per barrel in May to $74.98 per barrel and 70.27 per barrel, respectively.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 14)

The considerable increase in inflation continued to be driven by exchange-rate-pass-through from imported items as well as the lingering scarcity in the availability of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS). One of the key ways to reduce inflationary pressures in the near term is to improve the supply of PMS to filling stations. In the medium to long term, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) may need to revitalize local refining and bridge the gap between the supply and demand for PMS by households and businesses.