July 14, 2020

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 26)

The manufacturers Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) declined by 3 percent to 41.1 index points between May and June 2020, indicating an increased shrinking in the sector1. The slowdown was noted across 9 of the 14 surveyed subsectors and was attributed to continued decline in production levels, supply deliveries and new orders within the manufacturing sector. Conversely, the non-manufacturers PMI rose from 25.3 to 35.7 index points albeit lower than the 50-point benchmark. This was driven by an increase in employment, inventories and overall business activity. This rise follows the gradual removal of the lockdown measures and is expected to persist as next month’s business outlook for the manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors is 2.7 and 2.4 percent higher respectively2. Firms should be prepared to shift their supply chains and adjust to the new business environment. For instance, as remote working becomes the new normal, the increased demand for computing infrastructure is an opportunity firms can seize.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 14)

Recently released report by the National Bureau of Statistics indicates decline in output and contribution to GDP in the Nigeria aviation sub-sector. In real terms, output in the sub-sector decreased annually by 4.9 percent between 2015 and 2016; and declined by 13.3 percent (Year-on-Year) in 2016Q4 the largest quarterly decline in 2016. The sectoral fall in output was supply-side driven: increased cost of operations prompted cut-back on services provided by the sector as well as termination of some aviation operations. Going forward, recent improvement in forex supply in the interbank and BDC channel would enhance forex access to airline operators and facilitate smooth running of the airline industry.