July 14, 2020

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 25)

According to the CBN, crude oil price has risen to $42.94per barrel, a 33 percent rise compared to $32.25 per barrel in the previous month.[i] The rise comes just as many economies are reopening, recording a marginal increase in demand. However, world oil demand is still expected to drop by 9.1 million barrels per dollar.[ii]  OPEC and its member countries have agreed to drop oil production in order to control market supply and consequently price. With this agreement, the revenue gains from increasing oil price for Nigeria could be marginal as the country is expected to cut production by about 22 percent to 1.4 million barrels per day which may also hinder the realization of the revised 2020 budget considering that the crude oil production estimate is 1.7 million barrels per day. To ensure performance of the 2020 budget, concerted efforts must be in place to ensure optimum collection of non-oil revenues by blocking leakages and non-remittances through improved administrative and monitoring mechanisms.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 24)

Crude oil price increased, in the week under review, to its highest price in 2016. Nigerias bonny light increased by $1.38 from $48.02 per barrel on May 20, 2016 to $49.64 per barrel on May 27, 2016, while Brent crude was sold for $50 per barrel on May 26, 2016. The catalyst for price gains in the period under review is the supply-side contractions, with unplanned production shortages in Nigeria, Canada and Iraq. The upward trend of prices may unlock more supplies in subsequent weeks, but the OPEC meeting scheduled for June 2, 2016, could moderate the effect. Nigeria is expected to benefit from crude oil price rising above the $38 per barrel benchmark. Unfortunately, supply disruptions continue to negatively affect oil revenue and may have contributed to the depletion of external reserve by over $153 millionthis week. The federal government, in collaboration with relevant security agencies, should find a lasting solution to the vandalism of oil pipelines and production facilities.