According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Nigeria’s headline inflation rate increased on a month-on-month basis, from 15.40 percent in November 2021 to 15.63 percent in December 20211. This represents a 1.8 percent increase, breaking an eight-month streak of headline inflation declines since April 2021. However, on a year-on-year comparison, the headline inflation rate decreased by 0.13 percent from 15.75 percent recorded in December 2020. The in-creased rate of inflation recorded in December is largely attributed to the increase in aggregate demand as a result of the festive season. Expectations are that the rate of inflation for January would decline due to lower demand levels. However, a double-digit inflation rate translates to lower purchasing power, which also translates to a lower quality of life. It is, therefore, important that policies aimed at improving aggregate supply be prioritized. This can be achieved by leveraging and scaling up the real sector intervention programs of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), improving economic infrastructure to boost productivity, and improving national security to address the sub-optimality in agricultural productivity.