Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

May 9, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 19)

A recent report by the National Bureau of Statistics
(NBS) indicates that Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) at the subnational
level decreased slightly between 2014 and 2015. Specifically, the report shows
that on the average, the IGR of all 36 states declined by 3.6 per cent from
N707.9 billion in 2014 to N683.6 billion in 20157. A further
disaggregation reveals that while IGR in 11 states improved in 2015 compared to
2014, IGR in 24 states were below their 2014 levels. As expected, Lagos state
generated the most IGR during the period. Given that domestic resource mobilization
is the most viable alternative to complement the shortfalls (driven by lower
oil prices) in budgetary allocations to states from the federal government,
state governments need to do more to improve the effectiveness and efficiency
of revenue collection.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 5)

The Naira continued to depreciate in the review week. At the parallel market, naira exchanged for N498/$ on January 27, 2017 and N500/$ on February 3, 2017. Despite the weekly sales of forex to BDCs and the significant improvements in the external reserves, the naira has continued to lose value to other currencies. The pressure on the naira has been triggered by escalating scarcity of forex in the spot market, likely due to forex hoarding. However, in the preceding week, the CBN sold $660 million in forwards contract in an attempt to manage liquidity and stabilize the naira. In the face of growing speculation in the parallel market, the monetary authority should institute mechanisms that would discourage excessive forex hoarding among licensed BDC operators. An initiative that monitors transaction dealings in the parallel market would go a long way in detecting erring BDC operators.