Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

April 11, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 15)

Recent data on Nigerias labour market points to a
rise in the rate of unemployment and underemployment in 2015Q4. Specifically,
compared to 2015Q3, the rate of unemployment and underemployment rose to 10.4
per cent and 18.7 per cent from 9.9 percent and 17.4 percent respectively.
These statistics however masks the true situation of the youth employment in
Nigeria. Disaggregated data by age category shows that unemployment and
underemployment within the youth age category (15-24) was remarkably higher
than the national average, at 19 and 34.5 per cent respectively.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 52)

Recently released population estimate figures by the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics, show a significant increase in Nigerias population, based on the 2006 census. Notably, total population grew by an estimated 40 percent from 2006, to 193 million persons in 2016. Also, disaggregate demographic data from 2007 to 2016, reveals an increase in the number of males (74 million to 99 million) and females (71 million to 95 million), with a 2016 gender (males to females) percentage ratio of 51:49. The high rate of population growth can be attributed to the improvements in average annual rate of natural increase the difference between crude birth rate and death rate. As in preceding years, the composition of children and youths make up the highest share of the population growth. This presents a potential increase in the rate of labour supply. Going forward, there is need for the government to support rapid job creation in order to check the potential upsurge in unemployment rate.