February 4, 2020

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 03)

Consumer prices for the month of December 2019 increased by 0.13 percentage points from the preceding month which stood at 11.85% 1. As such, inflation has increased for four consecutive months and the current rate is 0.54% percentage points higher than the inflation rate in December 2018. The rise in inflation was driven by a rise across all components, with the core sub-index growing by 0.34% to 9.33% and food sub-index by 0.19% to 14.67% over a month. The rising inflation is underscored by an increase in access to credit, as indicated in the Central Bank of Nigeria Credit Condition Survey. The survey conducted notes that there was an increase in supply of secured loans to households which was expected to increase in Q1 2020 as well as a rise in overall credit supply to the corporate sector2. In addition, the closure of the Nigeria-Benin border is likely to have driven food prices up due to a reduced supply of staple foods including rice and frozen food. Going forward, we expect a continuous rise in inflation as government directives to close the border and increase lending to the private sector are in effect

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