Policy Brief & Alerts

January 20, 2014

Increasing Measles Immunization Coverage In Borno State Nigeria: Some Policy Options

This brief examines two measles immunization programs for
children of age 9-23 months in an effort to boost measles immunization coverage
in Borno State: free immunization against measles with media awareness campaign
and free immunization against measles with house to house campaign.

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Publication Date:November, 2013

Volume Number:1 Issue 9

Document Size:4 pages


Measles remains one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in Nigeria.Despite the efforts made by the Nigerian government, policymakers and otherstakeholders to increase children vaccination against infections, measles vaccinationcoverage remains very low. This situation is particularly profound in the Northern part ofthe country, with Borno State requiring urgent attention. Therefore, this policy briefpresents a summary of a policy simulation study of two measles immunization programsfor children of age 9-23 months which can be used to boost measles immunizationcoverage in Borno State. These programs are free immunization against measles withmedia awareness campaign (Policy A) and free immunization against measles with houseto house campaign (Policy B).

Overall, the results reveal that providing free immunization against measles complementedwith media awareness campaign is more effective and beneficial than free immunizationcomplemented with house to house visitation. However, for government to significantlyincrease measles immunization coverage, reduce measles induced death as well as makesignificant progress towards the attainment of Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 4 inBorno State, the existing policy of free immunization should be complemented with houseto house campaign in the rural areas which are characterized by high levels of illiteracy.Similarly, in the urban areas where most people are educated, the free immunizationprogramme should be supported with media awareness campaigns.




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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 1)

Nigerias external reserves improved in 2017. The reserve stood at approximately $39 billion as at the end of December 2017, up by about 50 percent from the $26 billion at the beginning of the year 20172. The surge in reserve was particularly boosted by increased capital importation, and crude revenue earnings prompted by a relatively higher crude oil price and improved domestic production. Given that the recent uptick in external reserves is still largely associated with improved crude oil price, efforts should be geared towards conserving current reserve gain so as to cushion future external shock. In the medium term, there is need to diversify export earning away from oil so as to mitigate the effects of volatility in crude oil prices.