Policy Brief & Alerts

January 25, 2019

Prospects for Earmarking Revenue from Tobacco Taxes

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Based on the results of CSEA’s Tobacco Tax Simulation Model (TETSiM), the government stands to gain about N67.7 billion additional revenue from the new tobacco taxation policy, within a one-year period. There are two alternative ways to channel the resources; either by earmarking[1] them for targeted projects, or adding them to the general revenue pool.



Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 52)

Recently released population estimate figures by the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics, show a significant increase in Nigerias population, based on the 2006 census. Notably, total population grew by an estimated 40 percent from 2006, to 193 million persons in 2016. Also, disaggregate demographic data from 2007 to 2016, reveals an increase in the number of males (74 million to 99 million) and females (71 million to 95 million), with a 2016 gender (males to females) percentage ratio of 51:49. The high rate of population growth can be attributed to the improvements in average annual rate of natural increase the difference between crude birth rate and death rate. As in preceding years, the composition of children and youths make up the highest share of the population growth. This presents a potential increase in the rate of labour supply. Going forward, there is need for the government to support rapid job creation in order to check the potential upsurge in unemployment rate.

Public Debt-to-GDP Ratio

Public Debt-to-GDP Ratio: The ratio of Nigerias cumulative government debt to national GDP has maintained an upward trend indicating the countrys declining economic productivity and ability to repay

Should Nigeria Establish A Sovereign Wealth Fund?

This paper explores the issues relating to the establishment of a Sovereign WealthFund (SWF) in Nigeria consistent with best practices. Experience with established SWFssuggests that successful oil- based funds tend to be underpinned by a sound oil revenuemanagement framework. The paper thus discusses the underlying issues of oil revenuemanagement, the policy choices and SWF implementation issues.