Project Reports

June 14, 2012

Policy Simulation Of Female Education Programs In Nigeria

study conducts a policy simulation exercise on two educational assistance
programmes in an effort to increase access to affordable education, access to
basic education and enrollment to schools for the girl-child.

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Author:Eberechukwu Uneze &Ibrahim Tajudeen

Publication Date:February, 2012

Document Size: 41pages

In spite of the efforts made by the government to increase access to affordable education,access to basic education and enrollment by the girl child remains poor. While this problem isvery profound in developing countries, its present form in Nigeria even requires more urgentattention. It is against this backdrop that this study conducts a policy simulation exercise on twoeducational assistance programmes for girls free tuition fee for all with stipend for girls (PolicyA) and free tuition fee for all with transport for girls (Policy B) to boost female primary schoolenrollment. The study estimates the relative cost and the effectiveness measure such as lifetimeearnings. It compares the cost per beneficiary and the cost-benefit ratios of these policyalternatives. The cost per beneficiary shows that policy B has a lower cost and a lower level ofenrollment, while policy A has a higher cost and a higher level of enrollment. Overall, theresults of the cost-benefit analysis show that both policies are beneficial though policy A has alower cost-benefit ratio.

Two funding scenarios (paying for the policy) as well as distribution scenarios (equity) were alsoanalysed. The equity dimension of the exercise is to ensure that the policies are pro-poor andable to distribute the benefits in an equitable manner. The sensitivity analysis performed todetermine the stability of these findings, show that the results are robust to parameter changesand assumptions. In sum, since both programs can be implemented (as shown by their lowcost-benefit ratios), we recommend that policy B be introduced in the urban centres wherethere is likelihood or high level of pedestrian risk, insecurity and high rate of motor accidentsthat may discourage parents from sending their children (especially girls) to school. In ruralareas where there is higher incidence of poverty, which often force parents to the engage theirfemale children in economic activities, policy A should be implemented. Finally, in semi urbanareas with less pedestrian risk and moderate poverty incidence, both policies can beimplemented as complements, depending on resource availability.



Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 7)

External reserve dropped slightly by 0.6 per cent from $28.35 billion in January 22 to $28.19 billion in January 295. Considering the continuous decline, government has stepped up efforts towards financing the deficit in the proposed budget through borrowing. At the forex market, the official exchange rate remained unchanged at N197/$ while the naira depreciated at the parallel market by 2.36 percent from N297/$ to N304/$ between January 22 and 296. Despite the huge spread between the official and parallel market exchange rates, the monetary authorities maintained its fixed exchange rate regime at the official forex market. It is expected that if the demand pressure for dollar persists, the value of naira may decline in the near term.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 23)

Recent Data on Nigerias Real GDP growth rate (Year-on-Year) declined by 2.47 percentage points, from 2.11 per cent in 2015Q4 to -0.36 percent in 2016Q11. This is the lowest GDP growth rate since 2004Q2 (-0.81 percent). The Oil sector continued to contract, as -1.89 percent growth was recorded in 2016Q1. The negative growth witnessed in the oil sector was likely driven by the fall in global oil prices by $9.732 and decline in domestic crude oil production, relative to preceding quarter. Similarly, the Non-oil sector witnessed a negative growth as it declined by 3.32 percentage points from 3.14 percent in 2015 Q4 to -0.18 percent in 2016Q1. The underperformance in the non-oil sector was driven by significant contractions in financial (by 17.69 percent), manufacturing (by 8.77 percent), and real estate (by 5.48 percent) sub-sectors. Given that the present economic fundamentals point to a likely recession in 2016Q2, the government can stir economic activities by speeding up the budget implementation process to spur growth in the non-oil sector and the economy at large. More so, the domestic production shock in the oil sector needs to be addressed to effectively leverage on the present marginal rise in crude oil prices.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 35)

Nigeria's Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 0.55 percent in 2017Q21, compared to the -0.91 percent (revised) in 2017Q1 indicating the first quarterly positive growth rate since 2016Q1 and an evidenced exit from five quarters of economic recession. The acceleration in real GDP in 2017Q2 reflects the significant increase in oil sector GDP from -11.64 percent in 2017Q1, to 1.64 percent in 2017Q2 a 13.3 percentage points Quarter-on-Quarter increase. However, Non-oil GDP moderated by 0.3 percentage points to 0.45 percent. Despite the recent favorable economic performance, growth prospect remains fragile.

Increasing Measles Immunization Coverage In Borno State Nigeria: Some Policy Options

This brief examines two measles immunization programs for children of age 9-23 months in an effort to boost measles immunization coverage in Borno State: free immunization against measles with media awareness campaign and free immunization against measles with house to house campaign.