May 13, 2014

Nigeria-Poland Bilateral Trade: Identifying New Trade Opportunities

This paper examines the bilateral trade relationship between Nigeria andPoland for the period 1995 to 2012. It uses the Decision Support Model (DSM)and the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF) to identifymarket for Nigerian exports in Poland.

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The import and export indicators reveal low trade intensities between the twocountries as well as weak complementarity between Polands importdemand and Nigerias export supply. There is also evidence of rising growth inthe demand for products in which Nigeria has actual and potential exportcapacity. In addition, Nigeria faces relatively lower tariffs on Polands topimports while the cost of transportation and logistics associated with tradingwith Poland is lower than those of Nigerias current major export partners suchas India and Brazil.

Furthermore, the paper identifies enormous unexploited market opportunitiesavailable to Nigeria for trading with Poland and therefore recommends that,in its quest for industrialization, the Nigerian government should support itsprivate sector to take advantage of this opportunity.



Job Creation In Nigeria: Challenges, Opportunities And The Role Of Micro, Small And Medium Enterpris

This paper identifies the challenges of job creation in Nigeria and examines governments approach using the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises to support Economic reforms.

Implementing The Fiscal Responsibility Act At The State Level In Nigeria

The paper explores the policy framework for implementing the FRA across the 36 states, and identifies the underlying macroeconomic principles required for the FRA to be effective at the state level.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 40)

OPEC weekly basket price declined by 2.4 percent to $42.68/barrel on September 16, 2016. This was triggered by a rise in US oil reserve, amid an outlook on weak global oil demand. Similarly, provisional data by OPEC reveals a steady decline in Nigerias crude oil production. Notably, production declined by 3.4 percent to 1.47 mbd in August, 2016.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 52)

Recently released population estimate figures by the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics, show a significant increase in Nigerias population, based on the 2006 census. Notably, total population grew by an estimated 40 percent from 2006, to 193 million persons in 2016. Also, disaggregate demographic data from 2007 to 2016, reveals an increase in the number of males (74 million to 99 million) and females (71 million to 95 million), with a 2016 gender (males to females) percentage ratio of 51:49. The high rate of population growth can be attributed to the improvements in average annual rate of natural increase the difference between crude birth rate and death rate. As in preceding years, the composition of children and youths make up the highest share of the population growth. This presents a potential increase in the rate of labour supply. Going forward, there is need for the government to support rapid job creation in order to check the potential upsurge in unemployment rate.