Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 10, 2018

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 7)

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Month-on-Month analysis of food prices show that average prices of selected food items
reduced from December 2017 to January 2018. Precisely, total average month-on-month price
decreased from 2.48 percent to 1.19 percent, with reductions in unit prices of items such as
eggs, chicken, beef, rice, fish, and palm oil among others. Food prices which remains largely
volatile in the short term, may have reduced in the review period due to a slight fall in consumer
demand following the end of the festive period. Looking forward, the decline in food prices may
be short-lived in the absence of yield-enhancing investments that can sustain food
production/supply. Hence, the government should promote policies that alleviate the credit constraints to yield-enhancing investment in the private sector.




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Foreign Aid And The Real Exchange Rate In The West African Economic And Monetary Union

This paper examines the relationship between foreign aid and the real exchange rate to determine how the competitiveness of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) is affected by foreign aid.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 20)

The Naira maintained slight appreciation against the dollar in the review week. At the parallel market, the value of the Naira appreciated week-on-week by 1.6 percent to exchange at N380/$ on May 19, 2017. In addition, inter-bank market rate appreciated slightly by 15kobo to N305.45/$. The appreciation in both segments of the market are favorable effects of the CBNs continued forex supply in the week under review (In a bid to further ease forex liquidity, the CBN pumped a total of $457.3 million on May 15, 2017).

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 21)

Recent data from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) shows that the value of capital imported to Nigeria declined by 54.34 percent; from $1.56 billion 2015Q4to $710.97 million in 2016Q11. This is the lowest value since the data was first released in 2007. Huge declines in Portfolio Investment (71.54 percent) and other Investment (44.84 percent) were the major drivers of the trend within the period. A myriad of factors have contributed to the decline in investments. The plunge in crude oil prices, and the resultant negative signals on investors confidence, was a key factor. This was exacerbated by the FOREX restrictions and delays in the assentation of 2016 Appropriation Bill. While the slight increases in oil prices and the recent signing of the budget into law could improve the general economic prospects, monetary authorities need to proffer solutions to the negative effects of the current FOREX restrictions on investments.