Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

February 3, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 6)

Latest figures of FDI flows to Nigeria show
a decline of 27 per cent from $4.7 billion in 2014 to $3.4 billion in 20152,
representing its lowest value since 2005. This decline is largely attributed to
the oil price slump, which has generally increased uncertainty in the economy,
with adverse effects on investors confidence. The fall in FDI flows was
witnessed in most resource based economies in Africa, as FDI flows to the
continent fell by 31 percent in 2015. The forex controls in place in Nigeria
has also exacerbated the uncertainty in economy, and created obstacles for both
domestic and foreign investors. Thus a review of the forex restrictions could
send positive signals to investors.

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Consequences Of School Resources For Educational Achievement

This paper examines the determinants of educational achievement in a developing country context, Burkina Faso. We deviate from the extant literature by constructing an aggregate index of school quality from the observable school resources. Also, we account for school choice constraints, faced by children especially in rural areas, as it relates to the geographical inequalities in the distribution of quality schools. These treatments provide an unbiased estimates of the relevance of school resources for academic performance. The empirical approach is based on a two-stage procedure that accounts for supply constraints in school choice.