Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

March 10, 2018

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 6)

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The federal government fiscal operations in 2017 shows that there were deficits for the four quarters recorded. The CBN report reveals that the federal government spent a total of N147.11 billion on capital expenditure in the four quarters (including a 2016 fiscal year roll-over due todelay in approving the 2017 budget), and N3.64 trillion as recurrent expenditure in 2017. Capital releases suggest that only about 6.6 percent of budgetary amount of N2.24 trillion was spent in the fiscal year, while recurrent expenditure represented 72 percent of N5.06 trillion budgeted
for the year. Nigeria’s recurrent expenditure has always exceeded capital expenditure for infrastructure, however, the delay in the passage of the 2017 budget (in June 2017) may have triggered the slow-down in capital releases. Nonetheless, the 2017 budget is still being followed, given that the 2018 budget has not been passed. Going forward, the process of the 2018 budget release should be expedited, as delay in budget sends negative signals to foreign investors which could make them divert capital investment to other countries.



Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 11)

In the crude oil market, OPECs weekly basket price increased 1.07 percent from $29.02 per barrel in February 19 to $29.33 per barrel in February 26. A combination of factors were responsible for the slight price increase. First, a decrease in the number of active oil rigs in the US2 (the lowest since 2009) may have marginally eased the glut in the crude oil market. The ongoing efforts by OPEC and other major oil producers such as Russia to freeze oil production have also played a significant role in stemming the downward trend in oil prices. With the current market conditions, the price of crude oil is expected to maintain a fairly stable and modest upward trajectory in the near term.

Nigeria Economic Review (First Half Report 2014)

Globally, advanced economies showed strong signs of recovery during 2014H1 despite the adverse effect of the severe winter (especially on the United States economy) while economic activities slowed and growth was below projection in emerging and developing economies.

Rising Inflation: Will The MPC Raise The Policy Rate Or Support Economic Growth

This brief examines global and domestic developments in Nigeria as well as the effect of slowdown in economic growth of key oil consuming nations on the Nigerian economy.

Africa Economic Update (Issue 8)

Economic growth in Africas largest economies improved in the second quarter of 2017 (2017Q2) relative to the preceding quarter (2017 Q1), as Nigeria and South Africa exited recession. Specifically, GDP growth rate was 0.55 percent and 1.1 percent for Nigeria and South Africa in 2017Q2, compared to 0.91 percent and 0.7 percent in 2017Q2, respectively. The increased growth in Nigerias economy was driven by improved performance in the oil sector (increased crude oil price and production) which offset the decrease in non-oil sector growth, while South Africas emergence from recession is supported by growth in its agriculture sector complimented by growth in finance, real estate, business service, mining and quarrying sectors.