Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

November 28, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 49)

Petroleum Products Imports statistics show a gradual reduction in the volume
and value of petroleum imports (PMS, AGO, HHK) between May and September 2016. Specifically,
volume of imports declined by 34.1 percent for PMS, 37.6 percent for AGO, and
60.3 percent for HHK in the period.The significant decline in
imports in the reporting periods may be as a result of persistent forex
scarcity issues faced by importers. On account of stagnation in
domestic production of refined petroleum products, continuous
decline in oil imports may create a demand gap with upward pressure on gasoline
prices in the economy.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 18)

Inflation rate continued its upward trajectory in the week under review. Specifically, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased by 1.39 per cent, from 11.38 per cent in February to 12.77 per cent in March, 20161. Remarkably, this is the highest rate since July 2012, representing a 4-year high. While both components of the CPI rose in the period, the food sub-index was largely the main driver of the increase in the CPI, with a growth rate of 1.39 per cent between February and March. The persistent scarcity in petroleum products, especially Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), has increased transportation costs and the price of food items.

Public Spending On Education And Health In Nigeria

The paper conducts a Benefit Incidence Analysis to determine if public expenditure in education and health sector in Nigeria is pro-poor or pro-rich.

Portfolio Diversification Between Developed And Less Developed Economies

This study examines the hedging effectiveness of portfolio investment diversification between developed and developing economies; with focus on the Nigerian stock asset vis--vis the stock assets of the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK). Its main contribution is in the analysis of optimal portfolio diversification using optimal portfolio weight (OPW) and optimal hedging ratio (OHR). Empirical findings show that the OPW and OHR are low, which indicates impressive potential gains from combining Nigerian stock assets in an investment portfolio with US and UK stock assets. In addition, exchange rate volatility is found to pose stern limitation on the potential benefits of this portfolio diversification arrangement. It is therefore recommended that the monetary authority in Nigeria should pursue policies towards reducing exchange rate volatility to the barest minimum. This will possibly attract more investors from developed economies who might be willing to combine Nigerian stock in their investment portfolio to minimize portfolio risk.