Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates

January 22, 2016

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 4)

The Naira/Dollar exchange rate remained
unchanged at ?199/$
in the official market but depreciated from ?263/$ to $267 at the Bureau De Change (BDC)
market segment this week. As the naira depreciates, the CBN forex
restriction measures continue to widen the gap between the official rate and
BDC, which has led to increased calls for naira devaluation. The International Monetary
Fund (IMF) and Business owners are among the major advocates for a relaxation
of the forex restrictions set by the CBN, in order to enhance the level of economic
activities.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 20)

Power sector analysis shows an increase in power generated by 15.5 percent from 3639.2 megawatt to a peak of 4196.2 megawatt between April 22, 2016 and April 29, 201612, albeit a sharp fall to 25.2 megawatts on April 23, 2016 following a system collapse13. In a bid to attain the targeted 10,000 megawatts by 2019, the Federal Government is set to complete the ongoing 47 power transmission projects across the country, which would boost power supply14. However, the delays in passing the budget into law is a major constraint to the completion of the projects. Thus government needs to speed-up the passage of the 2016 budget to provide the funds to complete the projects.

Extra-ECOWAS Trade And Investment Flows: Any Evidence Of Business Cycles Transmission

This study investigates the effects of merchandise trade and investment flows on the transmission of business cycles between members of ECOWAS and the major trading partnersbetween 1985 and 2014. Total trade and FDI significantly influence the transmission of business cycles with elasticities of 1.1% and 0.7%, respectively in the long run. There are little variations across the major trading partners and other measures of trade flows. Intra-industry trade flows with all partners, EU and USA influences the cross-country business cycles with elasticities of 1.0%, 0.5% and 1.8%, respectively.