States’ Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) declined in the third quarter 2018, replicating the same downward trend as seen in the previous quarter. IGR dropped to N264.38 billion in 2018Q3, compared to N279.78 billion generated in the preceding quarter – down by 5.5 percent1. The recently released IGR report by the NBS also shows that 20 states generated less revenue during the quarter (including the FCT), and only 17 states recorded growth in IGR. Reductions in Pay-As-You-Earn (PAYE) Tax, Direct Assessment, Road Taxes and revenues from Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) prompted the overall decline. In order to expand the tax base thereby improving tax revenues, a special focus should be given to harnessing the informal sector into the tax net.
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
The paper analyses the impact of public debt on an economy using Nigeria as case study and identifies steady states in the model of a closed economy.
In the second quarter of 2016, the Nigerian economy witnessed its first recession in twenty years due to the interplay of several external and internal factors. The recession has continued until date and has given rise to relentless unemployment rate and job losses, double digit and soaring inflation, currency depreciation and widening gap between parallel market and official exchange rates, amongst other adverse effect on individuals and firms in the country. Thus, there is a need to take a deeper look into the nature of the present recession as well as the impact of monetary and fiscal policy responses thus far, in order to shed light on the way forward towards tackling the recession and ensuring sustainable economic growth. This paper analyses the ongoing recession in the Nigerian economy to provide insights into the interplay of events and recommendations for policy.
Activities in the manufacturing sector remained at levels recorded in 2016Q3. Specifically, manufacturing capacity utilization (a measure of potential manufacturing output that is actually realized) remained at 48.46 percent in 2016Q4 below average. During the quarter, structural bottlenecks such as epileptic power supply (average of 2, 548 Megawatts) in addition to forex constraints, hampered manufacturing activities. As such, high cost of raw materials and cost of production subdued activities in the short term. Recent efforts by the monetary authority to increase forex access to the manufacturing sector as well as improvement in gas supply and electricity generation would help minimize production costs and enhance production process.