The recent report by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) shows that Nigeria’s Human Development Index (HDI) value rose very marginally from 0.530 in 2016 to 0.532 in 20171. However, overall, the ranking remained unchanged at 157th position out of 189 sample countries – putting the nation in the low human development category, and below Ghana, Kenya and a few other sub-Saharan countries. The HDI criteria which are broadly inclusive of countries’ social, political and economic diversity and indicative of the quality of life, may have shown limited progress in Nigeria due to rising population2 (currently, the population stands at 190.1 million). In the population growth and absence of the political will to address the sub-optimal HDI, signalled by the historic low budget share allocated to the education and health sectors, significant improvements in the HDI is not foreseeable in the near future.
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
This brief examines Nigerias Budget 2013, entitled Budget of Fiscal Consolidation with Inclusive Growth and highlights key sectoral allocations of the budget and their targets.
The paper examines the importance of fuel subsidy reforms and how the Nigerian government can achieve a successful reform. It also examines the link between safety nets and growth to help facilitate reform and inclusive growth.
The paper examines the implications of trade effects in bilateral trade drawing evidence from West African Monetary and Economic Union (UEMOA). It also discusses the importance of political stability to trade in ECOWAS countries.