Capital imported into Nigeria, maintained an upward trajectory in 2018Q1, following three consecutive quarterly increase. Specifically, capital importation rose to $6.30 billion in 2018Q11– a remarkable Year-on-Year growth of 594 percent (from $908.27 million), and Quarter-over-Quarter increase of 17 percent ($5.38 billion). Inferably, investors’ interest and confidence in the Nigerian economy have continued to soar since 2017Q2; this is particularly represented by the extent of portfolio investment flows which increased approximately fifteen times more than the $313.61 million recorded in the corresponding 2017Q1 quarter, and accounted for 72.4 percent of total capital importation in the review quarter
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
The paper examines fiscal policy as it influences growth through taxes and service delivery. It also reviews Nigerias experience with fiscal policy as well as challenges to its current system.
The paper highlights the importance of oil sector transparency in order to support governments push towards structural reforms and inclusive growth.
Naira appreciated in the week under review. At the parallel market, naira gained 0.54 percent to exchange at N368/$ on June 23, 20175. This is at the backdrop of injections into the forex market by the CBN to the tune of $195 million at the beginning of the review week, to meet various forex demands. This is amid a slight week-on-week increase in the external reserves (by 0.1 percent to $30.23 billion). Despite the recent naira appreciation, the long-term prospects seem bleak given that the ongoing intervention that seeks to stabilize naira by depleting reserves is unsustainable.
Recently released Nigerias petroleum imports data, show a significant decline in the quantity and value of petroleum import products (PMS, AGO and NHK) between 2015 and 2016. Specifically, value of imports significantly declined year-on-year (January to April) by 30.4 percent to N571 billion in 2016. The huge decline in the import of (refined) petroleum products likely reflects the lower (unrefined) crude oil production/exports. Furthermore, it is likely that the import of petroleum products could decline in subsequent years; however, this is dependent on the prospects of the three domestic refineriesbeing refurbished.