According to the World Bank, poverty level in Nigeria increased in 2017 with almost half the Nigerian population living in extreme poverty. As stated in the “Nigeria Biannual Economic Update” report, approximately 49.2 percent of Nigeria’s population live below the PPP $1.90 per capita per day poverty line in 20171 – an uptick of 0.8 percentage points. Particularly important is that despite emergence from recession in 2017, poverty and unemployment levels increased. The World Bank suggests that prospects for poverty reduction have been jeopardized by limited connective infrastructure, and policy makers’ inability to identify interventions best suited for development potentials.
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
Carbon pricing has been recognized not only as the most efficient economic policy instruments to internalize the social cost of emissions, but also as a major tool to generate public revenues that can be used to offset the potential adverse distributional effects of climate policy. However, in many developing countries, there is a widespread reluctance to commit to climate policy, largely due to financial constraints, a lack of public support, and concern over its regressive effects.This paper makes recommendations towards the design of an effective carbon pricing system that not only discourages air pollution but also encourages the gradual uptake of climate-friendly technologies by the private sector in Nigerias oil and gas sector, while supporting public investment in sustainable infrastructures and projects that offset the distributional effect of the climate policy.