According to the World Bank, poverty level in Nigeria increased in 2017 with almost half the Nigerian population living in extreme poverty. As stated in the “Nigeria Biannual Economic Update” report, approximately 49.2 percent of Nigeria’s population live below the PPP $1.90 per capita per day poverty line in 20171 – an uptick of 0.8 percentage points. Particularly important is that despite emergence from recession in 2017, poverty and unemployment levels increased. The World Bank suggests that prospects for poverty reduction have been jeopardized by limited connective infrastructure, and policy makers’ inability to identify interventions best suited for development potentials.
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
The study conducts a cost-effectiveness analysis on two education interventions in Nigeria: Education Assistance program and the Home Grown School Feeding and Health Program with the aim of increasing school enrollment.
Latest Doing Business report by the World Bank ranks Nigeria as one of the top 10 economies that showed notable improvements in doing business in 2016/2017. Precisely, the report which presents quantitative indicators on business regulation compared across 190 economies and ranked Nigeria 145th - up by 24 positions from the previous report ranking, to reach its highest rank since 2013. This may not be unexpected, given that it is consequent upon various business environment reforms in 2016. Particularly, the Presidential Enabling Business Environment Council (PEBEC) set up in 2016 enacted 31 reforms to improve business(such as improving credit to small and medium-size businesses) all of were enacted into law in May 2017.
African countries have been left out of the recent benefits accruing from international trade. For example, they accounted for only 3.2 percent of world trade in 2013 compared to 5 percent in the mid-1960s. Regional integration can reverse this weak performance as it holds the promise for countries to gain from the resultant economies of scale and enhanced competitiveness. It will also help to expand the markets for foreign direct investment.
Global crude prices settled lower in the review week (September 29 to October 6, 2017). Precisely, a barrel of Brent crude sold for about $56, showing a 6.3 percent decrease. Nigerias Bonny light exchanged at $56.76 per barrel as at October 6, 2017. The draw down in price may be attributable to indications of higher output, as revealed by the addition of more production rigs by the U.S, rise in Iraqs crude exports and survey showing OPECs overall boosted supply.