Recent media highlights suggests that the Federal Government made a non-oil-based revenue of N1.27 trillion from operating surpluses between 2007 and 20161. The period which covers the years of operation of the Fiscal Responsibility Act, shows a list of agencies and government organizations that paid the operating surpluses (revenues above approved budgetary expenditure at the end of each year) to the federal government. Notably, the annual remittances shows year-on-year increases. This is likely attributable to the improved monitoring and intervention activities of the Fiscal Responsibility Committee over the years. There is greater scope for operating surpluses from public corporations with intensified efforts at monitoring the implementation of the template for calculating operating surplus liabilities across scheduled corporations.
Macroeconomic Report & Economic Updates
African countries have been left out of the recent benefits accruing from international trade. For example, they accounted for only 3.2 percent of world trade in 2013 compared to 5 percent in the mid-1960s. Regional integration can reverse this weak performance as it holds the promise for countries to gain from the resultant economies of scale and enhanced competitiveness. It will also help to expand the markets for foreign direct investment.
This study conducts a policy simulation exercise on two measles immunization programs for children of age 9-23 months to determine the effectiveness and success of measles vaccination coverage in Borno State, Northern Nigeria.
Internally generated revenue by 35 states for the 2016 fiscal year increased by 17.5 percent to N802 billion from N683 billion generated in the preceding year. A breakdown of the IGR shows that the increase was driven by PAYE, Direct assessment, Road taxes, Revenue from MDAs and other taxes. The highest and lowest revenue generating states were Lagos (38%) and Ebonyi (0.1%) respectively. An improvement in the efficiency of the tax system could improve the contributions of the IGR to overall government revenue. Particularly, incorporating workers in small stores, agricultural and informal businesses into the tax system; building capacity of tax officials and computerizing their operations; as well as investing in quality data collection and access could provide some quick wins.