Cost Effectiveness Analysis of Selected Malaria Interventions in Nigeria

This brief highlights the findings of a cost effectiveness analysis conducted on two malaria intervention programs implemented in Jigawa State, Nigeria under the National Malaria Control Programme: the long-lasting insecticide treated nets intervention and the indoor residual spraying program.

Recent statistics show that Nigeria ranks among the top five countries in terms of malaria incidence and deaths in the world. Reports indicate that 100 percent of the population is at risk of contracting malaria. At present, there are about 4,295,686 confirmed cases of malaria in Nigeria. In 2009, the number of deaths attributed to malaria was estimated at 7,522. In the same year, 658,732 out of 1,115,966 hospital admissions were attributed to malaria, out of the 7,296 reported malaria deaths in children 4, 126 of these deaths were in children under the age of five. This trend together with and its possible economic and fiscal impact, has made it imperative for the Nigerian government to fund malaria interventions. Recently, Nigeria, with some financial support from donors, implemented the Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) and the Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) programs.

This brief summarizes the findings of a cost effectiveness analysis conducted on long-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying interventions implemented in Jigawa State under the National Malaria Control Programme(NMCP).

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