July 7, 2017

Consequences Of School Resources For Educational Achievement

This paper examines the
determinants of educational achievement in a developing country context,
Burkina Faso. We deviate from the extant literature by constructing an
aggregate index of school quality from the observable school resources. Also, we
account for school choice constraints, faced by children especially in rural
areas, as it relates to the geographical inequalities in the distribution of
quality schools. These treatments provide an unbiased estimates of the
relevance of school resources for academic performance. The empirical approach
is based on a two-stage procedure that accounts for supply constraints in
school choice.

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Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 30)

Recent media highlights suggest that there is a prospective decrease in Nigerias budgetary benchmark crude oil production. Precisely, the 1.8 million barrels per day proposed at the Joint OPEC and Non-OPEC Ministerial Monitoring Committee (JMMC) meeting, is 18.2 percent lower than the budgetary production benchmark of 2.2 million barrels per day. This followed OPECs recent review to include Nigeria in the ongoing production cut agreement amid concerns of global oil market oversupply, given the constant production increase from Nigeria over the last few months.

Nigeria Economic Update (Issue 1)

Nigerias external reserves improved in 2017. The reserve stood at approximately $39 billion as at the end of December 2017, up by about 50 percent from the $26 billion at the beginning of the year 20172. The surge in reserve was particularly boosted by increased capital importation, and crude revenue earnings prompted by a relatively higher crude oil price and improved domestic production. Given that the recent uptick in external reserves is still largely associated with improved crude oil price, efforts should be geared towards conserving current reserve gain so as to cushion future external shock. In the medium term, there is need to diversify export earning away from oil so as to mitigate the effects of volatility in crude oil prices.